Saturday, May 30, 2009
Wednesday, May 27, 2009
Thursday, May 21, 2009
"like having school trip, huhuhuhu"
In the laundry area
A big washing machine...anyone?
A steam iron, fuh!
"Is it me, or am I look sooo professional? hahaha"
Water collected from the bore well
Definitely no comment
Saturday, May 16, 2009
Sunday, May 10, 2009
Thursday, May 07, 2009
Sunday, May 03, 2009
Friday, May 01, 2009
"Swine influenza (also swine flu, hog flu, and pig flu) refers to influenza caused by any strain of the influenza virus endemic in pigs (swine). Strains endemic in swine are called swine influenza virus (SIV).
Of the three genera of human flu, two are endemic also in swine: Influenzavirus A is common and Influenzavirus C is rare. Influenzavirus B has not been reported in swine. Within Influenzavirus A and Influenzavirus C, the strains endemic to swine and humans are largely distinct.
Swine flu is common in swine in the midwestern United States (and occasionally in other states), Mexico, Canada, South America, Europe (including the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Italy), Kenya, China, Japan, Taiwan, and other parts of eastern Asia.
Swine flu is rare in humans. People who work with swine, especially people with intense exposures, are at risk of catching swine influenza if the swine carry a strain able to infect humans. However, these strains infrequently circulate between humans as SIV rarely mutates into a form able to pass easily from human to human. In humans, the symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of influenza and of influenza-like illness in general, namely chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pain, severe headache, coughing, weakness and general discomfort."
Now that you have know about swine flu, let me tell you this. The outbreak of swine flu today has been caused by a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that derive from one strain of human influenza virus, one strain of the avian influenza virus and two separate strains of swine influenza viruses. In a simple word, it is a new mutated virus. Some measurement of prevention can be taken to protect yourselves from swine flu.
Methods of preventing the spread of influenza among swine include facility management, herd management, and vaccination. Because much of the illness and death associated with swine flu involves secondary infection by other pathogens, control strategies that rely on vaccination may be insufficient.
Control of swine influenza by vaccination has become more difficult in recent decades, as the evolution of the virus has resulted in inconsistent responses to traditional vaccines. Standard commercial swine flu vaccines are effective in controlling the infection when the virus strains match enough to have significant cross-protection, and custom (autogenous) vaccines made from the specific viruses isolated are created and used in the more difficult cases.Present vaccination strategies for SIV control and prevention in swine farms, typically include the use of one of several bivalent SIV vaccines commercially available in the United States. Of the 97 recent H3N2 isolates examined, only 41 isolates had strong serologic cross-reactions with antiserum to three commercial SIV vaccines. Since the protective ability of influenza vaccines depends primarily on the closeness of the match between the vaccine virus and the epidemic virus, the presence of nonreactive H3N2 SIV variants suggests that current commercial vaccines might not effectively protect pigs from infection with a majority of H3N2 viruses. The United States Department of Agriculture researchers say that while pig vaccination keeps pigs from getting sick, it does not block infection or shedding of the virus.
Facility management includes using disinfectants and ambient temperature to control virus in the environment. The virus is unlikely to survive outside living cells for >2 wk except in cold (but above freezing) conditions, and it is readily inactivated by disinfectants.
Herd management includes not adding pigs carrying influenza to herds that have not been exposed to the virus. The virus survives in healthy carrier pigs for up to 3 months and can be recovered from them between outbreaks. Carrier pigs are usually responsible for the introduction of SIV into previously uninfected herds and countries. After an outbreak, as immunity in exposed pigs wanes, new outbreaks of the same strain can occur.
Therefore, I would like to advice the people out there; avoid pig from now, and if you having a flu-like symptoms as stated above, please go the nearest hospital for immediate chcek-up, and don't go to the country where is is epidemic right now, eg: Mexico. Pray that this flu will not become pandemic, as once occur by the Spanish flu which have took millions of life throughout the world in 1918. May Allah bless all of us and protect us from this devastating disease.
~HAPPY LABOUR DAY~